Beijing Morning Post: when does "Stinky public toilet" change? It's hard to bear the taste of toileting. The satisfaction rate is low
More than 30 kinds of infectious diseases are related to toilet feces, and the health status of the city is greatly reduced due to the poor public toilet environment Statistics show that a person goes to the toilet more than 2000 times a year, and spends two to three years in the toilet in his life. However, many of our toileting experiences are not so dignified.
From "can't go" to "can go", the "public toilet revolution" carried out in recent years has made obvious progress: in 2015, 22000 toilets were newly built and reconstructed nationwide, and the penetration rate of rural toilets has reached 75%. But "Stinky public toilets" affect public health and investment image. The establishment of toilet culture is still arduous.
Survey: the taste is intolerable and the satisfaction rate of going to the toilet is low
Li Jinzao, director of the National Tourism Administration, said that "the revolution of public toilets" has achieved some results, but the historical debt of toilet construction and management is very large, and the toilet problem is the short board of China's social civilization and public service system.
There are more or less unpleasant toileting experiences: there are few squatting positions, and several are locked; the odor is intolerable, and there are lots of filth; toilet paper and toilet washer paper are not found; the flushing equipment strikes, and the sink does not come out of water According to the reporter's investigation, many people prefer to go around the shopping mall "conveniently" rather than go to the "Stinky public toilet" nearby.
Not long ago, a reporter went to the Beijing Workers' Gymnasium and found that several meters away from the toilet, a pungent smell came. A worker who set up a scaffold in the stadium said that some people thought the toilet was dirty, and even "convenient" in the equipment room and warehouse.
In addition to the mess, there are fewer public toilets for the elderly, infants, disabled and other special groups. For example, the mother baby toilet and the disabled toilet are not the "standard" of each public toilet, and the "neutral toilet" is even less, so the son (daughter) can't help the sick old mother (father) go to the toilet.
Clean and convenient public toilets are not only an important embodiment of urban sanitation, but also reflect the quality of life and dignity. According to the data released by the Research Center for city and competitiveness of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the satisfaction rate of residents in 35 large and medium-sized cities in China is only 35%. A prominent problem is the poor toilet environment in urban sanitation.
Wei Xiang, an associate professor at the Institute of financial and economic strategy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, once said that the toilet problem is the short board of China's tourism industry. According to statistics from tourism agencies, a large part of complaints from tourists to China are about unsanitary and uncomfortable toilets.
Public toilets are more about health. According to the statistics of China Center for Disease Control and prevention, poor toilet environment also brings health risks: 80% of infectious diseases in rural areas are caused by toilet feces pollution and unsanitary drinking water, among which more than 30 infectious diseases such as dysentery and cholera are related to feces.
Strange circle: the dirtier it is, the harder it is to clean it, the more delicious it is, the harder it is to go to the toilet
Railway station, public transport hub station, business district and other places with dense flow of people are also areas with poor toilet comfort. Master Lin, an sanitation worker at a public toilet in Andingmen Nei street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, has to clean the toilet every hour. "In these two years, there are less uncivilized phenomena than in the past, but there are still many phenomena of not flushing toilets and not caring for facilities and equipment."
Zhou Xuesheng, director of the sanitation department of Beijing Municipal Party committee, said that the dirtiness of public toilets is like the "broken window theory". The dirtier the public toilets are, the harder it is for the cleaner to clean them. The less clean the cleaner is, the less attention is paid to the maintenance of sanitation, which leads to a vicious circle.
According to the survey, there are two cleaners in a public toilet with eight squatting positions, and four cleaners in a waiting room of a station, mostly working from 6:00 in the morning to 9:00 in the evening. The cleaners are mostly laid-off and reemployed women aged 50 or 60, belonging to the low-income group in the city. In addition, due to the limited physical strength of the elderly and low enthusiasm for work, there is also a situation of dealing with laziness.
Lack of money for maintenance
The shortage of operation and maintenance costs is also a prominent problem. Taking Beijing as an example, at present, the fixed financial allocation for class II public toilets in the city is about 70000 yuan per year, which is still in accordance with the 2007 standard, while the actual operating cost is 82900 yuan per year. After the allocation pays for the labor cost of cleaning personnel, sometimes even the water and electricity cost is not enough. Ji Yang, director of Beijing Municipal Environment and sanitation department, said frankly that many units or properties cannot afford it. "There used to be a bungalow area on the South Bank of Tonghui river. There are several dry toilets that stink. They can't be managed by the local people. They just don't care."
Public toilets are not "public"
As a municipal facility, public toilets are not "public" in some areas. Many citizens have complained that they want to pay in advance.
It is understood that the public toilets invested and built by the government have certain subsidies and are not allowed to be charged. The toilets built by individuals with their own property rights are allowed to be charged, but the price should meet the national or local standards. Some experts pointed out that the existence of "paid toilets" also reflected the inadequacy of urban public service facilities. If free public toilets can be seen everywhere, there is no living space for "fee" toilets.
Dislocation: luxury toilet and "dirty and disorderly" coexist
Zhang Haibing, director of Beijing environmental sanitation design and Research Institute, said that as a part of basic public services, public toilets should adhere to the principle of scientific, reasonable and practical in planning and design and standards, improve service quality and humanistic care, and meet public needs to the maximum extent.